Course objectives: Provide students with knowledge and expertise in biofuels technology and the most significant sustainability issues, covering a range of relevant environmental, economic and social aspects.
- What are biofuels? Sustainability criteria for biofuels;
- Biomass as a biofuel production basis;
- Development of biofuel use;
- Biofuels of the first (biodiesel, biethanol, biogas), second (bioethanol from lignocellulosic mass, BIO - DME (biodimethylether), second-generation biodiesel, BIO - MTBE (methyl tert-butyl ether)), and third generation (biofuels from algae, biohydrogen);
- Steps in the process of biodiesel and biogas production;
- Transportation and storage of biodiesel and biogas;
- Legislative framework - EU Regulation: EU Directive 2018/2001 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and related national regulations;
- Biofuels quality standard;
- Biofuel certification system.
Learning outcomes at the level of the course:
- Annalise the main drivers for biofuels production;
- Examine and assess the sustainability of biofuels production by taking into account methods, standards and regulations;
- Distinguish biofuels generations and production methods;
- Generate recommendations for biofuels production and usage policy development.